Australia's Endeavour to Phase Out Coal and Gas with Renewable Energy
Solar and renewable energy rapid growth rates
Across Australia, there are more solar farms being established than ever before. Feeding renewable electricity sources into national grids is proving to be successful with reports predicting rapid growth rates in the upcoming years for renewable energy. The 2018 Climate Council Reports shows that South Australia is leading in renewable energy targets, followed by Victoria and Queensland. It can be seen there is an increasing demand for renewable energy for governmental, environmental and costs purposes, consequently reducing demand for coal and gas and Australia’s fossil fuel consumption.
Australia's consumption habits
According to Green Energy Markets, between 2015 to 2025 renewable consumption is predicted to rise from seven per cent to 35 per cent in Queensland. This year, renewables such as solar systems consist of 20 per cent of energy consumption.
This same report states,
“If all proposed renewables projects were pursued across the state, they could add 65 000 GWh in power to the grid, which is greater than all the power generated by coal and gas combined in Queensland.”
In using Queensland solar resources, not only will it be possible to reduce carbon pollution, but it could also create 10 000 jobs for locals. Furthermore, this will improve our environment by decreasing Australia’s fossil fuel consumption and transitioning into renewable energy usage. This will also boost our economy with operations, installation, construction and maintenance projects.
Similarly, Western Australia is already well on its way to phasing out coal-fired electricity, with the potential to be abolished by 2024. This is made possible by implementing renewable energy to power 80% of the states main power grid, according to ABC journalist Daniel Mercer.
Figure 3.1 Power generation from Queensland operational, committed and proposed renewable energy projects compared to coal and gas (GWh).
looking to the future for solar and renewable energy
With the available technologies, Australia is in the position to make the pursuit of replacing coal and gas with renewable energy resources such as solar panels and wind energy. As a sunshine country with suitable weather conditions, rich in renewable energy resources, whereby using solar and wind energy is both cost-effective and environmentally beneficial, why would Australia say no? Implementing effective government policies is the next step to completely phasing out coal and gas. Without this support, welcoming renewables as the main source of future energy will remain difficult.
Every individual home can make a difference by installing solar.